20g/d of fish consumption reduce risk of CVD mortality

Objectives:
There are some indications of regional differences in the association between fish consumption and clinical outcomes. Therefore, this review article (meta-analysis) has been conducted.  

Are there regional differences in the association between fish consumption and risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular (CVD) mortality?

Study design:
This review article included 14 prospective cohort studies (10 publications) with 911,348 participants, of which 75,451 incident deaths.

Results and conclusions:
The investigators found dose-response meta-analysis showed a 20 g/d increment in fish consumption significantly reduced risk of cardiovascular mortality with 4% [relative risk = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.94-0.98, I2 = 0%, n = 8]. However, subgroup analysis resulted in a significant association only in Asian studies and not in Western studies.

The investigators found dose-response meta-analysis showed a 20 g/d increment in fish consumption significantly reduced risk of all-cause mortality with 2% [relative risk = 0.98, 95% CI = 0.97-1.00, I2 = 81.9%, n = 14]. However, subgroup analysis resulted in a significant association only in Asian studies and not in Western studies.

The investigators found analysis of Western studies suggested a nearly U-shaped association, with a nadir at fish consumption of 20 g/d in analysis of both outcomes. Meanwhile, the associations appeared to be linear in Asian studies.

The investigators concluded that fish consumption, particularly 20 g/d reduces boh risk of cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Furthermore, there is potential evidence of regional differences in the association between fish consumption and mortality. Therefore, it may be helpful to examine the associations by considering types of fish consumed and methods of fish preparation.

Original title:
Fish consumption and risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective observational studies by Jayedi A, Shab-Bidar S, […], Djafarian K.

Link:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29317009

Additional information of El Mondo:
Find more information/studies on cardiovascular disease and fish consumption right here.