Alzheimer's disease patients have a low plasma vitamin E level

Objectives:
Is there a relationship between the levels of vitamin C, vitamin E and β-carotene in the plasma and Alzheimer's disease risk?

Study design:
This review article included studies with data of levels of vitamin C, vitamin E and β-carotene in the plasma of Alzheimer's disease patients.

Results and conclusions:
The investigators found meta-analysis showed that, compared with the control group, the level of vitamin E in the plasma of Alzheimer's disease patients declined significantly [SMD = -1.49 μmol/L, 95% CI = -2.08 to -0.89 μmol/L, p < 0.001].

However, no differences were determined in the levels of the plasma vitamin C and β-carotene between the two groups [vitamin C: SMD = -1.43 μmol/L, 95% CI = -3.05 to 0.19 μmol/L, p = 0.083 and β-carotene: SMD = -0.61 μmol/L, 95% CI = -1.40 to 0.18 μmol/L, p = 0.131].

The investigators concluded increasing vitamin E level in the plasma through vitamin E riched diet is useful to prevent Alzheimer's disease. However, it is not yet believed the beneficial role on Alzheimer's disease to increase vitamin C and β-carotene.

Original title:
Meta-analysis of vitamin C, vitamin E and β-carotene levels in the plasma of Alzheimer's disease patients by Dong R, Yang Q, […], Zhao H.

Link:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30081996  

Additional information of El Mondo:
Find more information/studies on vitamin E, C, β-carotene and dementia right here.