Matig alcoholgebruik verbetert de insulinegevoeligheid bij vrouwen

Research Question:
A moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced risk of getting type 2 diabetes, but this relationship appears stronger for women than men. The reduced risk of diabetes can be explained by an improved insulin sensitivity or Glycemic status, but results found in intervention studies on this relationship are inconsistent. Therefore, this review article was performed?

Drinking alcohol reduces the chances of getting diabetes type 2?

Study Design:
This overview article contained 14 intervention studies.

Results and conclusions:
The researchers found that drinking alcohol both insulin sensitivity [SMD = 0.06, 95% CI =-0.13 to 0.26] if the fasting glucose levels [SMD = 0.09, 95% CI =-0.09 to 0.27] are not significantly affected.

The researchers found that drinking alcohol both the HbA1c value [SMD =-0.62, 95% CI =-1.01 to-0.23, p = 0.002] if the sober insulin levels [SMD =-0.17, 95% CI =-0.34 to 0.00, p = 0.049] significantly reduced.

The researchers found among women but not among men, that drinking alcohol the fasting insulin levels [SMD =-0.23, 95% CI =-0.41 to-0.04, p = 0.019] significantly reduced and the insulin sensitivity [SMD = 0.19, 955 BI =-0.03 to 0.41, p = 0.087] significantly improved.

The results were similar when only studies with moderate alcohol consumption were analyzed and the results were not affected by the dosage and the duration of the intervention.

The researchers concluded that moderate alcohol consumption in women but not in men, the sober and the insulin levels decreased insulin sensitivity improved. These effects may be an explanation for the relationship between alcohol consumption and provide diabetes type 2. In addition, moderate alcohol consumption the HbA1c value under both men and women reduced.

Original title:
Abstract: The Effect or P149 Alcohol Consumption on Insulin Sensitivity and Glycemic Status: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Intervention Studies by Schrieks IC, Salvation already, [...], Badoo JW.


Additional information about El Mondo:
Find here more studies on alcohol consumption.