Een laag vitamine B12-gehalte verhoogt leeftijdsgebonden maculaire degeneratie

Research Question:
There are conflicting results about the association between plasma homocysteine (tHcy) and the vitamin B content and getting the age-related macular degeneration (AMD). It was therefore carried out this review article.

Raise a high homocysteine and low vitamin B content the chance of getting the age-related macular degeneration?

Study Design:
This overview article contained 11 studies on homocysteine levels with a total of 1072 cases with age-related macular degeneration and 1202 cases without age-related macular degeneration and 3 studies on folic acid and vitamin B12 levels with a total of 152 cases with age-related macular degeneration and 98 cases without age-related macular degeneration.

Results and conclusions:
The researchers found that homocysteine levels of people with age-related macular degeneration signficant 2.67 ╬╝mol/L [95% CI = 1.60-3.74, I2 = 92%, p 0.00001] was higher than of people without age-related macular degeneration.

The researchers found that vitamin B12 levels of people with age-related macular degeneration 64.16 pg/mL [95% CI = 19.32-109.00, I2 = 35%, p = 0.19] was lower than of people without age-related macular degeneration.

The researchers found that the folic acid content of people with the wet form of age-related macular degeneration 1.66 ng/mL [95% CI = 0.10-3.99] was lower than of people without age-related macular degeneration.

The researchers concluded that a high homocysteine or low vitamin B12 levels the chance of getting the increased age-related macular degeneration.

Original title:
Homocysteine and the risk of age-related macular degeneration: a systematic review and meta-analysis by Huang P, Wang F, [...], Sun X.

Link:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4508850/

Additional information about El Mondo:
Find here more studies about lowering homocysteine levels and raising the folic acid and vitamin B12 levels.